The limits of machine intelligence, EMBO Reports (2019) e49177
Despite progress in machine intelligence, artificial general intelligence is still a major challenge.
The concept of intelligence is both nebulous and potentially dangerous: historically, it has been weaponised in various ways. Twentieth-century eugenicists, for example, deployed early psychometric measures of intelligence as a means to oppress socially marginalised groups or ethnic minorities. Undeterred by these controversies, however, employers, educa- tors and developmental psychologists continue to use measures of intelligence to assess cognitive potential and track individual progress.