Narratives in international media, and increasingly within governments, place great importance on nations achieving leadership in artificial intelligence (AI). The EU is rarely considered the leading player in these discussions. This report investigates this assumption and outlines existing building blocks that could form the basis for EU leadership in AI. The research is based primarily around EU legislation, policy and strategy documents, publicly available databases of ongoing projects, and funding decisions. In aggregating this information, the report aims to provide an introductory overview of the EU’s AI ecosystem.