Untangling Privacy: Losses Versus Violations. Iowa Law Review, Jul 2020, Vol. 105, Issue 5, p2169-2231. 63p.
Abstract: Increasingly powerful data mining and analysis technologies are being used to learn information and make decisions about people across all areas of life--ranging from employment and policing, to housing and health insurance--and it is widely thought that the key problems with this are privacy-related. There is also an emerging consensus in the literature that privacy rights lack a unified core. This Article demonstrates that these are both mistaken conclusions that derive from the conflation of privacy losses and violations, and it develops a theory of privacy that untangles these misunderstood concepts at the heart of privacy law. In clarifying the outcomebased criteria for privacy losses and their relationship with the path-based criteria for privacy violations, this theory provides value across two domains. First, regarding the coherence of the law, it demonstrates that a unified theory of privacy rights is possible despite significant disagreement about their content. Second, regarding the law's content, it challenges orthodox views about how the aggregation, use, and inference of personal information violate privacy rights.